Keta diet for women with type 2 diabetes

basic principles of keto diet

The ketogenic diet was developed at the beginning of the last century. It has been used to treat people with epileptic seizures. Modern medicine focuses on the keto diet for a completely different reason.

Recent studies have shown that it is very effective in controlling blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. However, there is no information on the results of studies conducted for more than 3 years, so the longer use of the keto diet is questionable.

Basic Principles of Keto Diet

Diet includes minimal carbohydrate intake, which provides the body with short-term energy. As soon as a person feels the lack of it, he will look for an alternative - ketones.

Instead of glycolysis, which helps break down carbohydrates, a lipolysis mechanism is activated - the breakdown of fats. Thus, the body will enter a state of ketosis in order to live without carbohydrates.

Don't confuse ketosis and ketoacidosis - these are two different concepts. The second is a violation of the acid-base balance, which leads to serious complications and even death.

The keto plan is based on a high fat content in the diet - 65-80% of feces per day, protein is reduced by 15-20% and carbohydrates by 5-15%. Carbohydrates can be consumed no more than 20-50 grams per day, it turns out that a person consumes 250 grams per day, except for the keto diet.

Efficacy and safety of keto diet for type 2 diabetes

Because the keto diet is the best way to control blood sugar, many experts support a ketogenic approach to treating type 2 diabetes.

Annual surveys revealed the following:

Keto diet for type 2 diabetes
  1. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the keto diet leads to a decrease in glycated hemoglobin, as well as weight loss and improved lipid profile. All this helps to control glucose levels and reduce the amount of antihyperglycemic drugs. The potential for side effects means that it cannot be recommended for everyone with type 2 diabetes. A doctor's consultation is required.
  2. The keto diet has many limitations, so it is weak in terms of vitamins, fiber and trace elements. Therefore, if necessary, you should take vitamins and add dietary fiber to your diet.
  3. You should drink more fluids as the keto diet has a strong diuretic effect.
  4. The keto diet for type 2 diabetes should be followed by a healthcare professional.

What they eat on a ketogenic diet

List of foods included in the diet:

  • proteins, fats and oils- meat, seafood, nuts, vegetable oils;
  • vegetables- it does not matter whether it is frozen or fresh, however, vegetables growing on the surface should be preferred, not in the soil;
  • dairy products- almost all hard cheeses with a high fat concentration are also recommended - they contain less carbohydrates;
  • seeds and nuts- oily nuts are recommended - walnuts, almonds, cashews, peanuts, hazelnuts;
  • drinks- most of the drinking regimen should be clean water, you can add it with lemon juice, you are also allowed to use stevia.

This is a short list of consumables, consult a specialist for more information.

Prohibited products include:

  • starchy foods- potatoes, rice, bread;
  • sugar- sweets, ice cream, baked goods;
  • pasta and cereals;
  • sweet drinks.

It is undesirable to exceed the allowable protein norm, the amount of which is converted into glucose, which disrupts the transition to ketosis.

What sugar should be in the keto diet

Consumption of sugar in a diet without keto for diabetes

A ketogenic diet inevitably leads to a decrease in blood glucose levels. It is very useful for diabetics.

However, a sharp drop in glucose can have serious consequences, so cutting out carbohydrates should be done step by step.

Sugar should be measured systematically to prevent the development of hypoglycemia. Normally, on an empty stomach 4. 7-4. Varies between 9. Diabetes patients have a higher rate. In the keto diet, sugar varies around 6 mmol / L.

What the research says

The effects of the keto diet on sugar levels have been studied many times and the results have always been positive. Patients lost these extra pounds and were able to better manage glucose levels.

In 2017, a study was conducted in New York on the effects of the keto diet on diabetes. At 32 weeks, patients followed this diet and successfully lost weight because it was eliminated by specialists, and their sugars became more stable.

I must also say that scientists recognize the benefits of a vegan diet, it can perfectly replace ketones, but has its own nuances.

Atkins diet for diabetes

There are analogues of the keto diet, there are similar principles. Examples are Dukan, Robert Atkins, Kremlin diet. The Atkins diet is the most mixed with the ketogenic principle of nutrition. But at the same time, there is practically no similarity between the keto and the Atkins diet.

Differences between Atkins diet and keto

Atkins developed the principle of nutrition to lose weight, not to control blood sugar in diabetics. The amount of protein and carbohydrates in the keto diet is reduced by unsaturated fats. By following the Atkins diet, protein can be consumed without restriction. In addition, the Atkins diet differs from keto in the frequency of food intake. Atkins recommends five meals a day, keto offers 2-3 meals a day.

Potential Dangers of Keto Diet for Diabetics

Dangers of keto diet for diabetics

When the body gets its energy from fats, not carbohydrates, there is a sharp release of ketone bodies. The main potential danger of a ketone diet for a diabetic is the likelihood of developing diabetic ketoacidosis due to insulin deficiency in the blood.

Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis:

  • increased sugar concentration;
  • frequent urination;
  • dry mouth;
  • nausea;
  • shortness of breath;
  • fruity taste in the mouth.

For this reason, even in a ketogenic diet, it is necessary to constantly monitor blood sugar levels and periodically check the concentration of ketone bodies.

Fasting is completely contraindicated for diabetics, so any diet can be followed only with the permission of a doctor.

Keto Diet and Sugar Level Balancing

A ketogenic diet has great potential for lowering blood glucose levels. Lack of carbohydrates in the diet prevents its accumulation and changes in blood sugar concentrations. The doctor must calculate the required amount of carbohydrates, each situation is individual. If the patient's blood glucose is high, he should limit the intake of carbohydrate foods. In this case, the amount of fat in the diet increases.

Keto diet is a great help for diabetics, especially those who have difficulty regulating blood sugar levels. Of course, it is hopeless to treat the pathology with this diet, you can reduce the number of drugs by observing, but you can hardly give up insulin injections.